The Parts of a Soccer Field

For more than two decades, Eric Tetler has led Windfield Alloy in Atkinson, New Hampshire, as the refining and recycling company’s president and majority owner. When not overseeing the business and its nearly 60 employees, Eric Tetler enjoys playing and coaching soccer.

A soccer field is divided into a number of distinct regions. The two goals sit at opposite sides of the field, on each side’s end line. The space immediately in front of the goal is known as the goal box or goal area, a place where goalies take goal kicks from. The penalty box is a larger area in front of the goal that includes the goal box. Fouls committed inside the penalty box result in a penalty kick rather than a free kick. Free kicks are taken from the midfield area, while penalty kicks are taken from much closer to the goal.

A soccer field, measuring anywhere from 295 to 394 feet in length depending on level of play, is bisected by the halfway line, which is itself divided by the center circle. Games begin at the center circle, while the halfway line dictates the movement of midfielders, strikers, defenders, and other players on the field. For example, a coach’s offensive and defensive strategies will revolve around how far over the halfway line midfielders should travel and how far from the goal area defenders should stray.


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